Google and Anthropic Release Claude for Sheets, Rivaling Microsoft’s ChatGPT Excel Integration [2023]

Google and Anthropic have announced a new integration that brings Anthropic’s AI assistant Claude to Google Sheets, allowing users to get AI-generated suggestions and insights directly within the spreadsheet app. This comes just weeks after Microsoft unveiled an integration between ChatGPT and Excel, demonstrating the fierce competition between tech giants to incorporate generative AI into their product offerings.

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The Claude integration will allow Sheets users to ask questions, get summaries of their data, automate workflows and more using natural language prompts. They can highlight cells in a sheet, type a prompt like “Analyze this data and create a summary” and Claude will generate a short summarization. Claude can also autocomplete data entry, identify data trends and outliers, suggest pivot table arrangements and charts to visualize data, and much more.

Anthropic says Claude’s integration with Sheets has been specially optimized for spreadsheet-related tasks by training the model on a vast dataset of spreadsheets. This gives Claude an understanding of spreadsheet structure, formulas, visualizations and more. The companies claim Claude will be able to provide more relevant, tailored suggestions compared to ChatGPT’s more general capabilities.

This launch is part of Google’s new AI ambitions, as the company aims to infuse more of its products with advanced generative AI. At its recent Google I/O conference, Google demonstrated how its Imagen AI system could be used to generate images and art inside Google Docs. The Claude integration seems to be the next step in bringing AI helpers directly into its workspace tools.

Google may have moved fast to counter Microsoft’s rollout of ChatGPT integration in Excel, demonstrating how Big Tech firms are fiercely competing in the red-hot AI space. Microsoft’s integration allows Excel users to get explanations of charts, have ChatGPT summarize tabular data into key takeaways, and even automate simple tasks by asking in natural language.

The Claude integration is available starting today for Google Workspace Business Plus, Enterprise Standard, Enterprise Plus, Education Plus, and Teaching & Learning Upgrade users. It’s one of the first integrations available through Claude API, which allows third-party software to tap into Anthropic’s AI assistant.

It’s unclear if Claude AI for Sheets provides any advanced capabilities beyond what Microsoft’s ChatGPT integration offers. But Google likely wants to ensure its products don’t fall behind as AI becomes a baseline expectation for productivity software. Google may have partnered with rival Anthropic to get a generative AI integration up and running quickly, whereas Microsoft owns and controls ChatGPT itself.

This move is just the opening salvo between tech giants vying to be lead the AI revolution. We will likely see companies like Google, Microsoft, Amazon and others baking more generative AI into their offerings to gain a competitive advantage. For users, this competition should lead to more capabilities, choice and innovation across workplace tools enhanced by AI.

How the Claude Integration Works in Google Sheets

The integration with Claude is seamless in Google Sheets. Users can simply select cells they want analyzed, ask a question in the prompt box and Claude will provide relevant suggestions or information.

Here are some examples of how Claude can be used directly within Sheets:

  • Summarize data – Select a table or data range and ask Claude to summarize key points or trends
  • Analyze insights – Ask Claude what conclusions can be drawn from the data
  • Generate descriptions – Have Claude describe charts, graphs or other visualizations on a sheet
  • Fill in blanks – Select blank cells and have Claude auto-fill relevant data based on context
  • Extract highlights – Ask Claude to pull out key figures, pivotal data points or important takeaways
  • Create visualizations – Prompt Claude to suggest optimal charts or graphs to represent the data
  • Optimize formulas – Claude can rewrite formulas for greater efficiency or readability
  • Add projections – Ask Claude to project future values based on historical data
  • Surface trends – Have Claude highlight correlations, outliers, drops/spikes or trends in data
  • Explain sheets – Ask Claude to provide an overview explaining what a sheet calculates or represents

Claude can interpret both tabular data as well as information contained in charts and graphs. Its AI capabilities allow it to analyze data, make connections, and generate insights a human might miss. This can save users time and effort while enhancing their analysis.

According to Anthropic, Claude’s training specifically for spreadsheet tasks makes it more adept than ChatGPT at structured data manipulation, formulas, visualizations and other core spreadsheet capabilities. Claude has knowledge of principles like normalization, aggregation, sampling, correlations and more.

The integration works without needing to share or upload any sheet data outside Google’s servers. Claude’s suggestions appear in a side panel next to the sheet, allowing users to easily accept helpful responses or dismiss ones that are off-base. Over time, Claude will apparently become more tailored to each user’s preferences and spreadsheet habits.

While not as flexible as ChatGPT’s conversational style, Claude’s integration directly within Sheets provides users with an AI-powered assistant optimized for many spreadsheet workflows. Google is bringing generative AI into the everyday tools businesses rely on.

Claude’s Abilities for Spreadsheet Work

Claude aims to understand spreadsheet structure, formulas, tables, charts and more. Here are some of the ways Claude can optimize, enhance and automate work inside Sheets:

Data Analysis

  • Summarize tabular data into key facts, conclusions and trends
  • Highlight correlations, outliers, fluctuations and anomalies
  • Describe charts and graphs and extract meaning from them
  • Pull out pivotal data points and findings
  • Project future values based on historical data
  • Suggest ways to segment data for deeper analysis
  • Identify gaps or issues in data collection

Workflow Automation

  • Autocomplete repetitive data entry
  • Rewrite formulas for greater efficiency
  • Rearrange pivot tables for better insights
  • Populate sheets from unstructured data sources
  • Create rules and scripts for automation
  • Build dashboards and templates for reports
  • Pull data from various sources into unified format


  • Recommend optimal charts and graphs for data
  • Suggest improvements to existing charts and visuals
  • Create data-driven presentations and infographics
  • Design dashboards, reports and visualizations
  • Convert tabular data into graphical format


  • Annotate sheets with comments and insights
  • Highlight areas needing clarification
  • Suggest data points requiring confirmation
  • Query data and generate insights for brainstorming
  • Offer context to aid understanding by new users


  • Generate text descriptions and definitions for sheets
  • Create data dictionaries for tables and columns
  • Explain intended uses and goals for sheets
  • Provide examples of how to query data in sheets
  • Outline best practices for maintaining sheets

Data Input

  • Fill blank cells with reasonable data based on context
  • Find and link relevant data sources
  • Clean and normalize data from messy sources
  • Pull in data from company databases and third-parties
  • Scrape data from websites into spreadsheet format

Claude aims to handle many common scenarios that spreadsheet users face. Its capabilities can evolve over time as Anthropic trains it on more diverse datasets and use cases. While not perfect, Claude provides an “expert in your pocket” tailored to spreadsheets.

How Anthropic Trained Claude on Spreadsheets

Claude’s integration directly within Sheets required specialized training to make it adept at spreadsheet tasks. According to Anthropic, Claude underwent supervised training on millions of cell-level label examples across a wide variety of spreadsheets.

This training focused on four key principles:

1. Structure understanding – Claude was trained to understand the structural components of spreadsheets like sheets, cells, columns, rows, tables, named ranges, merged cells and more. It can identify data types in columns, relationships between cells, dependencies and formulas.

2. Language grounding – Claude learns the connection between natural language prompts and spreadsheet entities like cells, charts, values and formulas. It aims to translate freeform instructions into specific actions on a sheet.

3. Formula proficiency – Claude gained an expertise in spreadsheet formulas and functions. It provides informed formula suggestions based on cell references and can rewrite formulas for optimization.

4. Visualization skills – Training on labeled charts, graphs and dashboards helped Claude become adept at describing, generating and enhancing visualizations.

In addition, Anthropic created datasets to teach Claude general spreadsheet best practices, similar to how a human expert would learn. It ingested thousands of real-world spreadsheets to understand how people structure data to solve problems.

The training regimen focused on supervised learning from labeled examples rather than unsupervised learning. According to Anthropic, this avoids problems like hallucination and toxicity that have plagued more open-ended conversational AI systems.

However, Claude likely still has significant limitations in handling advanced data modeling, statistical analysis and financial calculations compared to a spreadsheet power user. Its capabilities are more akin to an intelligent assistant than a spreadsheet expert.

Use Cases Enabled by Claude Integration in Sheets

With Claude built into Sheets, users have an AI helper that can automate routine spreadsheet work and provide data-driven insights. Here are some examples of how Claude can supercharge spreadsheet workflows:

Sales Analytics

A sales manager can have Claude analyze their sales sheet to point out top performing products, suggest promotions during low-sales periods or highlight regional trends. Claude can also generate a quarterly sales summary with key takeaways.

Market Research

Researchers can ask Claude to pull and consolidate data from various public and third-party sources into a single sheet for easier analysis. Claude can summarize conclusions, generate visualizations and identify data gaps.

Finance Management

For expense sheets, Claude can categorize ambiguous charges. It can flag duplicate charges or unexpected spikes for closer review. Finance analysts can also ask Claude to project future budgets based on past periods.

Inventory Optimization

Claude can analyze inventory sheets to detect seasonality, recommend minimum stock levels, highlight fast/slow-moving items, and determine optimal reorder points. It can also fill in missing inventory data based on purchase orders and sales.

Human Resources

HR professionals can input employee satisfaction survey results and have Claude analyze correlations between different questions or segments of employees. Claude can also identify areas with high negative sentiment.

Project Management

For project sheets, Claude can analyze milestones and completion percentages to estimate realistic timeline projections. It can also highlight tasks falling behind that may delay projects.

Search Engine Optimization

SEO experts can have Claude review traffic and ranking data from analytics platforms. It can point out high performing pages, spots with room for improvement, and suggest SEO tweaks to try.

These are just a handful of examples – virtually any spreadsheet workflow can be enhanced by having an AI assistant generate insights, fill gaps, spot issues and boost productivity.

Privacy and Security with Claude Integration

Data privacy and security are crucial when enabling third-party access to sensitive information contained in spreadsheets. Google and Anthropic have implemented measures to keep user data private and secure:

  • No data sharing – Sheet details and data never leave Google’s servers. Claude only sees limited snapshots to generate suggestions.
  • Temporary permissions – Claude’s access can be temporarily granted on a per-session basis then fully revoked.
  • Restricted functionality – Sensitive or destructive operations like emailing data are disabled.
  • Auditable activity – Claude’s actions are logged and reportable through G Suite admin consoles.
  • User control – Suggestions can be approved, dismissed or edited, keeping the user in control.
  • Enterprise security – Claud integration meets Google Cloud’s stringent privacy, encryption and security standards.
  • Anonymization – Any data used to improve Claude is anonymized end-to-end according to Google and Anthropic’s policies.

Users ultimately have full control over what data Claude can view and what suggestions to accept or reject. Its capabilities are carefully sandboxed. For businesses, having visibility into Claude’s activity via audit logs provides oversight and governance.

How the Claude Integration Compares to ChatGPT for Excel

The newly announced Claude integration has some parallels with Microsoft’s existing ChatGPT plug-in for Excel. But there are some key differences in capabilities and approach:

  • Assistant focus – Claude is focused on spreadsheet tasks, while ChatGPT has more broad conversational abilities.
  • Data context – Claude can see limited sheet data for more informed suggestions, ChatGPT works blindly.
  • Training data – Claude trained supervised on spreadsheets, ChatGPT has more generalist training.
  • Language models – Anthropic engineered Claude purposefully for assistive tasks.
  • Long-term learning – Claude can accumulate spreadsheet knowledge, while ChatGPT starts fresh in each session.
  • Formula help – Claude has deeper understanding of spreadsheet formulas and functions.
  • Visualizations – Claude is tailored for generating charts and graphs.
  • Integration depth – Claude was built into Sheets, ChatGPT plugs into Excel surfaces.
  • Enterprise suitability – Claude compliance and security settings may appeal more to businesses.

Microsoft touts ChatGPT as a conversational “co-pilot for Excel”, while Claude is positioned as an enhancements to Sheets’ core capabilities. ChatGPT likely offers more human-like dialog, while Claude may prove more useful for spreadsheet power users.

Going forward, we can expect deeper feature rivalry between the two as Google and Microsoft battle for productivity software supremacy in the AI age. This competition should spur innovation and bring advanced AI assistance to more mainstream business applications.

Long-Term Possibilities for Generative AI in Spreadsheets

The integration of Claude into Sheets represents the tip of the iceberg for bringing generative AI capabilities into spreadsheets. In the long run, we may see tools like Claude turn spreadsheets into intelligent “digital co-workers” that supercharge productivity. Some possibilities include:

Smarter Real-time Collaboration

AI assistants may facilitate smoother collaboration, providing context to new collaborators and handling version control seamlessly. They identify data and formulas most relevant for given users to work on together.

Advanced Automated Reporting

With natural language instructions, AI could generate customized reports, presentations and dashboards tailored to changing business needs. Spreadsheets morph into self-service business intelligence portals.

Predictive Modeling and Forecasting

Assistants may build financial models using best practices, run Monte Carlo simulations to assess risks, and offer projections with confidence intervals – all through natural dialog.

Multi-modal Interactions

UIs may allow interacting with spreadsheets via voice commands and dragging and dropping screen elements. AI handles translating speech and actions into spreadsheet operations.

Lifelong Learning

Over months and years, an AI assistant may build knowledge of company data patterns, terminologies, objectives and institutional knowledge – providing an irreplaceable assistant.

Scalable Data Processing

Cloud-powered AI may enable real-time querying and analysis of massive datasets with natural language, far surpassing spreadsheet software’s size limits today.

Decentralized and Secure Sharing

Blockchain, differential privacy and federated learning techniques may allow collaborative AI assistance while keeping source data completely private and secure.

While early integrations focus on productivity enhancements, longer-term possibilities span far wider. We are still just scratching the surface of how generative AI could transform the decades-old spreadsheet paradigm into a more intelligent collaborative platform.

Risks and Challenges Bringing Generative AI into Spreadsheets

Despite the enormous potential, AI-powered spreadsheet assistants also come with significant risks and challenges that require careful handling:

Data Privacy

Spreadsheets often contain highly sensitive information – AI needs tight security so that private company data isn’t exposed or misused.

Algorithmic Bias

AI assistants risk perpetuating biases if trained on narrow datasets not reflecting diverse users and use cases.

Lack of Transparency

It may be unclear why AI makes certain suggestions. Lack of model transparency could limit trust and adoption.


Users may become over-dependent on AI, losing spreadsheet skills or not double checking AI for errors.

Job Displacement

AI capabilities may automate entry level data processing roles once filled by people. Re-training challenges may arise.

Mishandling of Errors

Even if rare, mishandled erroneous suggestions could lead to financial losses, safety issues or misguided decisions.

Gaming and Manipulation

Bad actors may attempt to trick the AI into making harmful recommendations by gaming the system.

Addressing these challenges is crucial as AI becomes commonplace in spreadsheets. Careful user experience design, transparent limitations, strict testing protocols and continuous human oversight will be needed to reduce risks.

Organizations must be prudent adopting these technologies, considering if AI capabilities align with staff skills, data sensitivity, security needs and analytics maturity. When applied judiciously, AI-enhanced spreadsheets can augment human intelligence rather than replace it outright.

The Future of Work Looks Radically Different

Generative AI, of which tools like Claude and ChatGPT are early examples, will likely transform how we think about work and productivity software. These technologies foreshadow workplaces where AI assistants collaborate seamlessly with human teams.

Forward-looking companies should start experimenting now with AI productivity enhancers to understand their potentials and pitfalls. This will prepare organizations for the coming future of algorithmically-augmented work.

With Claude built into Sheets, Google has made the first moves in what could become an AI-infused work landscape. Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, IBM and many other tech giants are close behind.

It’s an exciting time for early adopters as yesterday’s spreadsheets become tomorrow’s intelligent digital co-workers powering data-driven decisions. The future promises vastly amplified human potential, even if change won’t come easy. One thing is certain – work will never be the same.

Google and Anthropic Release Claude for Sheets


What is Claude?

Claude is an AI assistant created by Anthropic. It has now been integrated into Google Sheets to provide spreadsheet-specific AI capabilities.

How does Claude work in Sheets?

Users can highlight spreadsheet data and ask Claude natural language questions. Claude will provide relevant suggestions, insights and assistance directly within Sheets.

What can Claude do in Sheets?

Claude can summarize data, analyze trends, suggest charts, autofill cells, extract insights, optimize formulas, projections based on data and more.

How was Claude trained on spreadsheets?

Anthropic trained Claude on millions of labeled spreadsheet examples to understand structure, formulas, visualizations and language grounding.

What are some use cases for Claude in Sheets?

Use cases span sales analytics, market research, finance, inventory management, HR, project management, SEO and more.

How does Claude maintain privacy and security?

No sheet data leaves Google’s servers. Permissions can be revoked. Actions are logged and auditable. Users maintain control.

How does Claude compare to ChatGPT for Excel?

Claude focuses more on spreadsheet tasks while ChatGPT is more conversational. Claude better understands spreadsheet concepts.

What long-term possibilities exist for AI in spreadsheets?

Possibilities include collaboration, reporting, predictive modeling, multi-modal interaction, lifelong learning, decentralized sharing and more.

What risks and challenges come with AI in spreadsheets?

Risks include data privacy concerns, algorithmic bias, lack of transparency, over-reliance on AI and job displacement.

How might generative AI transform the future of work?

AI assistants may collaborate seamlessly with human teams, radically changing how we think about work and productivity.

Why are tech giants racing to add generative AI to their products?

Adding generative AI provides competitive advantage and differentiation. It meets consumer appetite for AI-powered tools.

Which companies are leading in enterprise AI adoption?

Google, Microsoft, Amazon, IBM, Salesforce and other tech giants are bringing generative AI into workplace products.

Should businesses embrace AI productivity enhancers?

Forward-looking companies should strategically experiment with AI to prepare for the future of work while managing risks.

How might AI transform spreadsheets long-term?

Spreadsheets could become intelligent “digital co-workers” that augment human teams rather than replace them outright.

What lessons should be learned from early AI assistants like Claude?

The technology remains imperfect. Thoughtful design, transparency, testing and human oversight is crucial to reduce risks of AI assistance.

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